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[经验交流] 【2015年12月四级答案·解析·真题】这里最快·全·准

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    发表于 2015-12-11 21:00:00 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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    【作文】


    来自长沙新东方:
    作文(一)
    周思远
    题目:

    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Learning is a daily experience and a lifelong mission.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of lifelong learning. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.
    参考范文:Currently in this constantly changing world, learning becomes a seemingly convenient but actually more complex matter. As an old saying goes,” Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission”. Apparently, the meaning of this saying is that if we truly desire to learn something, we are supposed to devote our life to it.
    There are several reasons accounting for this viewpoint. For one thing, learning itself is an actually complicated and painful matter, and as a result, it is advisable for us to commit much more time even our whole life to it. For another, it is exceedingly obvious that we are easy to forget what we learned, and accordingly, the significance of lifetime learning cannot be ignored. For example, memorizing vocabulary is commonly the first step of preparing for an English test. However, it is pretty difficult for us to put a huge number of new words in our mind. Therefore, we can divide these words into some groups and spend some hours each day on it in order to remember and understand these words.
    To sum up, lifelong learning lays a solid foundation to the development of ourselves, and only when we realize the significance of lifetime learning can we understand the essence of learning.
    作文(二)
    任伟伟
    题目:

    For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Never go outthere to see what happens, go out there to make somethinghappen.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance ofbeing creative rather than the mere onlookers in life. You shouldwrite at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.
    参考范文:As a famous saying goes, "Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make something happen." Simple as the saying is, its meaning is profound and thought-provoking, which is meant to tell us that we are supposed to be creative instead of acting as the onlooker.
    Conspicuous are the impacts of being creative and I would like to explore the following aspects. To begin with, it is to leading a team to make constant progress what water is to fish, which can be best illustrated by an example concerning an extraordinary basketball player, Yao Ming. Moreover, this kind of innovation also makes it possible for a nation to promote its international status and improve the comprehensive competitiveness.
    From my perspective, keeping creative is so essential that adequate importance must be attached to it. Only when we literally realize the key role it plays can we become better selves in the foreseeable future.

    作文(三)
    曹林权
    题目:
    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Listening is more important than talking.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of listening. You should write at least 120 words, no more than 180 words.
    参考范文:As the most evolved creature in this planet,we human beings are in possession of two
    kinds of most powerful capability,which are listening and talking. Compared with
    talking, more often than not,the significance of listening is way ahead in ourlife.

    The mosttypical example of theimportance of talking lies in the exchange among familymembers. When we are accustomed to talking withoutlistening, in the process of which we
    might only focus on ourselves, feeling of othersare ignored and even hurt. Without listening, the essentialpassport towards mutual understanding, the relation among ourfamily
    members may bit by bit go alienated. Besides,listening can also promote the efficiency of
    teamwork and efficiency is of the utmostconsequence in such a fast-tempo society.

    Talking is a window through which we conveyourselves , while listening is a door via which we understand eachother . A life without mutual listening is justlike a house without a door. Careful
    listening , so at least it seems to me , is anecessity but not a luxury in our daily life as well as inour
    work .



    第一版:
    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying "Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission." You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of lifelong learning“. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
    破题思路:
    第一段: 解释引言内容. 提出文章的主旨 : “学习的重要性”
    第二段: 分析原因 此处可以结合例子.
    第三段: 得出结论
    参考范文:         
    Learning is a daily experience and a lifetime mission. This is a proverb full of logic.  In other words, learning is significant in our whole life. Indeed, we can learn many things from it. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.
    There are many reasons which can explain this phenomenon and the following are the typical ones. The first reason is that learning can light our road in the coming future. There is no denying the fact that the society is developing increasingly fast and we are often easily surpassed by the people around. The only way to avoid this is to learn to improve ourselves. As an illustration, I’d like to take myself as an example. After graduation from college, my life has been full of working pressure, which contributes to my decision of pursuing further education. That’s why I can make my own way in such a competitive society.
           The effect of learning can be boiled down to two major ones. First, with the spirit of learning, we are more capable of overcoming the difficulties in the future. More importantly, we can enrich our spare time life by learning. No matter who you are, you must remember that learning is the basic skill in our life.

    第二版:
    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying "Listening is more important than talking." You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of paying attention to others' opinions. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
    破题思路:
    第一段: 解释引言内容. 提出文章的主旨 : “学习的重要性”
    第二段: 分析原因 此处可以结合例子.
    第三段: 得出结论
    参考范文:
    “Listening is more important than talking.”This proverb means that listening is something worthwhile to consider when we have communication with others.
    People often focus on their speaking ability, believing that good speaking equals good communication. There is some truth in this statement, but people who hold this opinion ignore a more important fact. God gave people two ears and one mouth, so it requires us to keep the ratios of listening and speaking by two to one. The ability to speak well is a necessary component to successful communication. The capability of listening is as important as speaking in that listening is the best respect for people around us. Listen attentively when others are speaking. It is the best and the most effective compliment that you can give them.
    To conclude, Listening can prevent interruption or formulate a response even before other speakers have finished. Good listeners are often some of the best speakers who can improve the quality of the communication. So listeners should interact with speakers, and respond promptly.

    第三版:
    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the saying “Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make things happen.” You can cite examples to illustrate the importance of being participants rather than mere onlookers in life. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
    破题思路:
    第一段: 解释引言内容. 提出文章的主旨 : “学习的重要性”
    第二段: 分析原因 此处可以结合例子.
    第三段: 得出结论
    参考范文:
    There is an old saying “Never go out there to see what happens, go out there to make things happen”. It’s the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.
    Only when you participate more can you make things perfect. Participation has been more and more important in the society. Students are asked to enter society and get some ideas of it. Surely participation has many advantages. Firstly, it can offer students a chance to contact society and meet different kinds of people. In this way people can gain some valuable social experience, which will be useful to their future life. Secondly, as college students, we can apply what they have learned in class to practical work, thus knowing themselves more clearly. Take the study of oral English for example, participation in any chances of communications with others in English, which enables us to become fluent in speaking.
    In summary, participation is the key factor in our daily life no matter who you are, no matter what you are doing. We should put their studies in the first place and see participation just as a useful supplement, so they ought to try to strike a balance between them.


    【听力】
    听力答案:
    短对话
    1. C)They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.
    2. B)At a gift shop.
    3. D)He declined a job offer from the art gallery.
    4. A)He will be unable to attend the birthday party.
    5. A)Set a deadline for the staff to meet.
    6. D)The way to the visitor's parking.
    7. B)He has benefited from exercise.
    8. D)The secretaries in the man's company.


    长对话
    Conversation One
    9. A. It is used by more people than English.
    10. C. The influence of the British Empire.
    11. B. It includes a lot of words from other languages.

    Conversation Two
    12. A. To place an order.
    13. C. He is not familiar with the exact details of the goods.
    14. C. It depends on a number of factors.
    15. D. Ring back when she comes to a decision.


    短文1&2
    Passage One
    16. A)No one knows for sure when they came into being.
    17. D)Carry ropes across rivers.
    18. C)To prove that lightening is electricity.

    Passage Two
    19. C)She can speak several languages.
    20. B)They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.
    21. C)She was able to translate for a German sports judge.
    22. B)Taste the beef and give her comment.


    短文&听力填空
    【短文3】
    23. D)He grew up in a poor single parent family.
    24. A)Stupid
    25. B)Write two book reports a week.
    【听力填空】
    26. heavenly
    27. fascinating
    28. made up of
    29. Now and then
    30. combine with
    31. generally
    32. characteristics
    33. phenomenon
    34. naked
    35. relatively
    听力答案:
    1.       B. They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.
    2.       A. At a gift shop.
    3.       C. He declined a job offer from the art gallery.
    4.       D. He will be unable to attend the birthday party.
    5.       B. Set a deadline for the staff to meet.
    6.       A. They way to the visitor’s parking.
    7.       D. He has benefited from exercise.
    8.       D. The secretaries in the man’s company.
    9.       B. It is used by more people than English.
    10.   C. The influence of the British Empire.
    11.It includes a lot of words from other languages.
    12.To place an order
    13.He is not familiar with the exact details of goods.
    14.It depends on a number of factors.
    15.Ring back when she comes to a decision.
    16. No one knows for sure when they came into being.
    17.Carry ropes across river.
    18.To prove the lighting is electricity.
    19.She can speak several languages.
    20.They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.
    21.She was able to translate for a German sports judge.
    22.Taste the beef and give her comment.
    23.He grew up in a poor single parent household.
    24.Stupid
    25.Write two book reports a week.
    27. fascinating
    29. Now and then
    32. characteristics
    34. naked
    35 .relatively

    听力原文:
    1.
    They admire the courage of space explorers.
    They enjoyed the movie on space exploration.
    They were going to watch a wonderful movie.
    They like doing scientific exploration very much.
    2.
    At a gift shop.
    At a graduation ceremony.
    In the office of a travel agency.
    In a school library.
    3.
    He used to work in the art gallery.
    He does not have a good memory.
    He declined a job offer form the art gallery.
    He is not interested in any part-time jobs.
    4.
    Susan has been invited to give a lecture tomorrow.
    He will go to the birthday party after the lecture.
    The woman should have informed him earlier.
    He will be unable to attend the birthday party.
    5.
    Reward those having made good progress.
    Set a deadline for the staff to meet.
    Assign more workers to the project.
    Encourage the staff to work in small groups.
    6.
    The way to the visitor’s parking.
    The rate for parking in Lot C.
    How far away the parking lot is.
    Where she can leave her car.
    7.
    He regrets missing the classes.
    He plans to take the fitness classes.
    He is looking forward to a better life.
    He has benefited form exercise.
    8.
    A. How to ? work efficiency.
    B. How to select secretaries.
    C. The responsibilities of secretaries.
    D. The secretaries in the man’s company.

    Conversation 1
    9.
    It is more difficult to learn than English.
    It is used by more people than English.
    It will be as commonly used as English.
    It will eventually become a world language.
    10.
    It has words words from many languages,
    Its popularity with the common people.
    The influence of the British Empire.
    The effect of the Industrial Revolution,
    11.
    It includes a lot of words form other languages.
    It has a growing number of newly coined words,
    It can be easily picked up by overseas travellers.
    It is the largest among all languages in the world.

    Conversation 2
    12.
    To return some goods.
    To apply for a job.
    To place an order.
    To make a complaint.
    13. He has become somewhat impatient with the woman.
    He is not familiar with the  exact details of goods.
    He has not worked in the sales department for long.
    He works on a part-time basis for the company.
    14.
    It is not his responsibility.
    It will be free for large orders.
    It costs 15 more for express delivery.
    It depends on a number of factors.
    15.
    Report the information to her superior.
    Pay a visit to the saleswoman in charge.
    Ring back when she comes to a decision.
    Make inquiries with some other companies.

    Section B
    Passage 1

    16.
    No one knows exactly where they were ??
    No one knows for sure when thy came into being.
    No one knows for what purpose they were ?
    No one knows what they will ?????
    17.
    Carry ropes across rivers.
    Measure the speed of wind.
    Pass on secret messages.
    Give warnings of danger.
    18.
    To protect houses against lightning.
    To test the effects of the lightning rod.
    To find out the strength of silk for kites.
    To prove the lightning is electricity.

    Passage 2
    19.
    She enjoys teaching languages,
    She can speak several languages,
    She was trained to be an interpreter.
    She was born with a talent for languages.
    20.
    They acquire an immunity to culture shock.
    They would like to live abroad permanently.
    They want to learn as many foreign languages as possible.
    They have an intense interest in cross-cultural interactions.
    21.
    She became an expert in horse racing.
    She got a chance to visit several European countries.
    She was able to translate for a German sports judge.
    She learned to appreciate classical music.
    22.
    Taste the beef and give her comment.
    Take part in a cooking competition.
    Teach vocabulary for food in ??
    Give cooking lessons on ????

    Passage 3
    23.
    He had only a third-grade education.
    He once threatened to kill his teacher.
    He grew up in a poor ???
    He often helped his ???
    24.
    Careless.
    Stupid.
    Brave.
    Active.
    25.
    Write two book reports a week.
    Keep a diary.
    Help with housework.
    Watch education??

    Section C
    When you look up at the night sky, what do you see? There are other… besides the moon and stars. One of the most 27___ of the …

    Comets were formed around the same time the Earth was formed. …and other frozen liquids and gases. 29___ these “dirty snow…” just as the planets do.

    As a comet get closer to the sun, some gases in it begin to unfreeze… particles form the comet to form a huge cloud. As the comet gets … wind blows the cloud behind the comet, thus forming its tail. The tail… (模糊的) atmosphere around a comet are 32____ that can help… in the night sky.

    In any given year, about a dozen known comets come close to … average person can’t see them all, of course. Usually there is only one … to be seen with 34___ eye. Comet Hale-Bopp, discovered… bright comet. Its orbit brought it 35___ close to the Earth, … But Hale-Bopp came a long way an its earthly visit. It won’t be back…or so.



    【阅读】
    选词填空
    第一篇
    For manyAmericans, 2013 ended with an unusually bitter cold snap. LateNovember and December saw early snow and bone-chilling temperaturesin much of the country, part of a year when—for the first time intwo decades—record-cold days will likely turn out to haveoutnumbered record-warm ones. But the U.S. was the exception:November was the warmest ever globally, and the provisional dataindicates that 2013 is likely to have been the fourth-hottest yearon record.

      Enjoy thesnow now, because chances are good that 2014 will be evenhotter—perhaps the hottest year since records have been kept.That’s because,scientists are predicting, 2014 will be an El Niño year.

      El Niño,Spanish for “the child”, occurs when surface ocean waters in thesouthern Pacific become abnormally warm. So large is the Pacific,covering 30% of the planet’s surface, that the specific energygenerated by its warming is enough to touch off a series of weatherchanges around the world. El Niño are associated with abnormallydry conditions in the Southeast Asia and Australia. They can leadto extreme rain in parts of North and South America, even assouthern Africa experiences dry weather. Marine life may beaffected too: El Niño the rising of the cold, nutrient-rich waterthat supports large fish populations, and the unusually warm oceantemperatures can destroy coral.


    参考答案
    36. N. saw 第一空显然缺少谓语,优先考虑动词,结合语义并根据Late November andDecember可以推出应选择过去式动词,故答案锁定saw.
    37. F. decades 根据two,首选复数名词,结合语义,“for the first time in the two decades”,二十年来头一次。
    38. H.globally  句子为主系表结构,不缺主要成分,所以首选副词和形容词,根据语义,ever表示“一直以来地、向来地”,“十一月向来是全球范围内最温暖的一个月。”
    39. D.chances  缺少主语,并且谓语是are,所以首选复数形式的名词,结合前文Enjoythe snow now, “享受现在的雪吧”,因为“时机是好的”。
    40. J.occurs  空格前方有主语,且是单数形式,而后面由when引导的时间状语从句的时态是一般现在时,所以主句谓语锁定第三人称单数形式的动词,只能选择occurs.
    41. A.specific空格左为定冠词the,空格右为名词,中间只能选形容词,选择“特定的”符合语义。
    42. B. associated  空格左为be动词,右边为介词with,中间只能是形容词或动词的过去分词形式,beassociated with表示“与…有联系”,符合原意。
    43. G.experiences  空格左为主语southern Africa,空格内应该为动词的第三人称单词形式,结合语义,选G,“南非经历着干燥的天气。
    44. M.reduce  空格左为情态动词,空格内必须为动词原形,填reduce“减少”符合原题。
    45. K. populations 空格与左边的large fish 共同构成动词support的宾语,只能选一个名词来作为名词词组,故选K,“大量的鱼群”。


    46——50题答案:DBFOGEJMCH
    46. Cooking benefits people in many ways and enables them to connect with one another.
    答案:D
    Shouldn’t preparing—and consuming—food be a source of comfort, pride, health, well-being, relaxation, sociability?…
    47.
    Abundant information about cooking is available either online or on TV.
    答案:B
    It’s not because fresh ingredients are hard to come by…
    48. Young people do less cooking at home than the elderly these days.
    答案:F. Perhaps a return to real cooking needn’t be far off…
    49. Cooking skills can be improved with practice.
    答案:O. You don’t have to hit the grocery store daily, nor do you need an abundance of skill…
    50. In the mid-20th century, most families ate dinner at home instead of eating out.
    答案:G. Back in the 1950s most of us grew up in households where Mom cooked virtually every night…
    51. Even those short of time or money should be encouraged to cook for themselves and their family
    答案:E. When I talk about cooking, I’m not talking about creating elaborate dinner parties or three-day science projects.…
    52. Eating food not cooked by ourselves can cause serious consequences.
    答案:J. There have been half-hearted but well-publicized efforts by some food companies to reduce calories in their processed food, but….
    53. To eat well and still save money, people should buy fresh food and cook it themselves.
    答案:M. To those Americans for whom money is a concern…
    54. We get a fairly large portion of calories from fast food and snacks.
    答案:C. And yet we aren’t cooking…
    55. The popularity of TV led to the popularity of frozen food.
    答案:H. Although frozen dinners were invented in the ‘40s, their popularity didn’t boom until televisions became popular a decade or so later…


    仔细阅读
    第一篇(罗文婷)

    Could you reproduce Silicon Valley elsewhere, or is there somethingunique about it?
    It wouldn’t be surprising if it were hard to reproduce in othercountries, because you couldn’t reproduce it in most of the USeither. What does it take to make a silicon valley?
    It is the right people. If you could get the right ten thousandpeople to move from Silicon Valley to Buffalo, Buffalo would becomeSilicon Valley.
    You only need two kinds of people to create a technology hub: richpeople and nerds.
    Observation bears this out: within the US, towns have becomestartup hubs if and only if they have both rich people and nerds.Few startups happen in Miami, for example, because although it’sfull of rich people, it has few nerds. It’s not the kind of placenerds like.
        WhereasPittsburgh has the opposite problem: plenty of nerds, but no richpeople. The top US Computer Science departments are said to be MIT,Stanford, Berkeley, and Carnegie-Mellon. MIT yielded Route 128.Stanford and Berkeley yielded Silicon Valley. But Carnegie-Mellon?The record skips at that point. Lower down the list, the Universityof Washington yielded a high-tech community in Seattle, and theUniversity of Texas at Austin yielded one in Austin. But whathappened in Pittsburgh? And in Ithaca, home of Cornell, which isalso high on the list?
    I grew up in Pittsburgh and went to college at Cornell, so I cananswer for both. The weather is terrible, particularly in winter,and there’s no interesting old city to make up for it, as there isin Boston. Rich people don’t want to live in Pittsburgh or Ithaca.So while there are plenty of hackers who could start startups,there’s no one to invest in them.
    Do you really need the rich people? Wouldn’t it work to have thegovernment invest in the nerds? No, it would not. Startup investorsare a distinct type of rich people. They tend to have a lot ofexperience themselves in the technology business. This helps thempick the right startups, and means they can supply advice andconnections as well as money. And the fact that they have apersonal stake in the outcome makes them really pay attention.


    参考答案及解析
    56.原文第一段第一句反问句“Could you reproduce Silicon Valley elsewhere, or isthere something unique about it?”可得知答案选A——Its success is hard tocopy anywhere else. 选项copy同义改写原文的reproduce。
    57.由题干大写字母Miami定位到原文第五段“Few startups happen in Miami, for example,because although it’s full of rich people, it has few nerds. It’snot the kind of place nerdslike.”由因果关系词because找到原因——这里既是有很多富裕的人,却几乎没有nerds(痴迷科研的人)。所以答案选B——Lackof the right kind of talents.
    58,由题干大写字母Carnegie-Mellon, MIT, Stanford,Berkeley等定位到第六段,问CM和其他的是哪里有不同。“The top US Computer Sciencedepartments are said to be MIT, Stanford, Berkeley, andCarnegie-Mellon. MIT yielded Route 128. Stanford and Berkeleyyielded Silicon Valley. But Carnegie-Mellon? The record skips atthat point.”原文讲到了MIT, Stanford, Berkeley都yielded产生了很有名的sciencedepartment,而Carnegie-Mellon呢?这个记录可以直接跳过忽略。言下之意就是CM没有出名的sciencedepartment,所以答案选D——It does not pay much attention to businessstartups.
    59题由题干大写字母Boston定位到倒数第二段。定位句“The weather is terrible, particularlyin winter, and there’s no interesting old city to make up for it,as there is in Boston”说到了Boston是一个无聊的老城市,而定位句的下一句“So while thereare plenty of hackers who could start startups, there’s no one toinvest in them”说到了这样的城市无法吸引投资。所以答案选C——It is not likely to attractlots of investors and nerds.
    60题,由startup investors定位到最后一段。Startupinvestors不仅富有,他们一般都经验丰富,而且能给提供一些建议,所以答案选C——They can do more thanproviding money.

    仔细阅读
    第一篇
         Everybody sleeps—so goes theSesame Street song meant for obstinately awakechildren. That may be true, but what people stay up late tocatch—or wake up early in order not to miss—varies byculture.
         Around the world, people changed sleep patterns thanks to the startor end of daylight savings time. Russians, for example, began towake up about a half-hour later each day after President VladimirPutin shifted the country permanently to “winter time”starting on October 26.
    Russia’s other latenights and early mornings generally coincided with public holidays.One such spike was on New Year’s Eve, which Russians tend to ringin with unusual fervor, as well as on World War II Victory Day.According to another Jawbonefinding,Russians have the world's latest bedtime on December 31, hittingthe hay at around 3:30 a.m.
    Russians also got upan hour later on International Women’s Day, the day for coddlingand celebrating female relatives.
    Similarly, Americans’late nights, late mornings, and longest sleeps coincided withthree-day weekends.
    Canada got the leastsleep of the year the night it beat Sweden in the Olympic hockeyfinal.
    The World Cup wasalso a major sleep-deprivation culprit. The worst night for sleepin the U.K. was the night of the England-Italy match on June 14.Brits stayed up a half-hour later to watch it, and then they wokeup earlier than usual the next morning thanks to summer nights, thephenomenon in which the sun barely sets in northern countries inthe summertime. That was nothing, though, compared to Germans,Italians, and the French, who stayed up around an hour and a halflater on various days throughout the summer to watch theCup.
    It should be made clear that not everyone has a device to record their sleep patterns; in some of these nations, it’s likely that only the richest people do. And people who elect to track their sleep may try to get more sleep than the average person. Even if that’s the case, though, the above findings are still striking. If the most healthconscious among us have such deep swings in our shuteye levels throughout the year, how much sleep are the rest of us losing?

    参考答案及解析
    61题,定位到第一段最后一句“varies byculture”,所以答案选A——They areculture-related.
    62题,由题干的大写名词Russian定位到第二段和第三段。第二段的“Russian, for example, began towake up about a half-hour later each day”这一句是干扰句,起得晚不一定睡得早,所以答案推不出“他们比其他地方的人睡得更久”。然后看到第三段“Russia’sother late nights and early mornings generally coincided withpublic holidays”,所以答案为C——They don’t sleep much onholidays。
    63题,题干问的是欧洲人缺乏睡眠的major cause主要原因是什么,由题干的大写名词Europeans’loss定位到倒数第二段的“comparedto Germans, Italians, and the French, who stayed up around an hourand a half later on various days throughout the summer to watch theCup”,原文的Germans, Italians, and theFrench就是题干中“Europeans”的同义改写,而他们stayed up就是为了to watch theCup,所以说他们缺乏睡眠的原因便是C选项——The World Cup。
    64题,问的是富有的人使用设备来记录他们的睡眠模式的原因。由rich people以及device定位到最后一段第一句,定位句只说到了记录的事实,而非其原因。按照四级阅读金三句原则看到定位句的下一句“And people who elect to track their sleep may try to get more sleep than the average person”,记录睡眠的人是想要得到比普通人更多的睡眠,所以答案是B——Theywant to get sufficient sleep.
    65题,问的是作者在最后一段所表达的观点,定位到最后一句If the most healthconscious among us have such deep swings in our shuteye levels throughout the year, how much sleep are the rest of us losing? 作者提到了health-conscious,人们对健康的意识是缺乏的,对健康是视而不见的,所以答案选B——Fewpeople really know the importance of sleep.


    第二版
    36 G favorite    37 M protest     38 B amount       39 O theories   
    40 I immediately  41 D crazy      42 F differences    43 J naturally
    44 H happening   45 N rejected
    The perfect essay
    46. The author was advised against the improper use of figures of speech.  
    答案: I。 She had no patience for brilliant but irrelevant figures of speech.
    47. The author’s mother taught him a valuable lesson by pointing out lots of flaws in his seemingly perfect essay.
    答案:C。In any event, my mother and her red pen showed me how deeply flawed a flawless essay could be.
    48. A writer should polish his writing repeatedly so as to get closer to perfection.
    答案:K 。Repeatedly. We do out absolute best with a piece of writing, and come as close as we can to the ideal.
    49. Writers may experience periods of time in their life when they just can’t produce anything.
    答案:E。For me……writer’s block —— I was not able to produce anything for three years.
    50. The author was not much surprised when his school teacher marked his essay as “flawless”.
    答案: B。This dream came true for me Of course, I had heard that genius could show itself at an early age, so I was only slightly taken aback that I had achieved perfection at the tender age of 14.
    51. Criticizing someone’ s speech is said to be easier than coming up with a better one.
    答案:F。……according to Plutarch, “to raise objections against another man’s speech, it is a very easy matter; but to produce a better in its place is a work extremely troublesome.”
    52. The author looks upon his mother as his most demanding and caring instructor.
    答案:A。……I can identify one truly impossible teacher. She cared about me, and my intellectual life, even when I didn’t.
    53. The criticism the author received from his mother changed him as a person.
    答案:H。That was when true criticism, the type that changed me as a person, began.
    54. The author gradually improved his writing by avoiding fancy language.
    答案:J。She trimmed back my flowery language, drew lines through my exclamation marks and argued for…and slowly my writing improved.
    55. Constructive criticism gives an author a good start to improve his writing.
    答案: G。Genuine criticism creates a precious opening for an author to become better on his own terms……


    56. A) Its success is hard to copy anywhere else.
    57. B) Lack of the right kind of talents.
    58. A) Its location is not as attractive to rich people.
    59. D) It is an old city with many sites of historical interest.
    60. C)they can do more than providing money
    61. C) It may prevent your business and career from advancing.
    62. B) Encourage people to disagree and argue.
    63. A) To find out the truth about an issue.
    64. D) They take care not to hurt each other’s feelings.
    65. D) Acknowledge their contribution.


    第三版
    J—fundamentally
    G-expands
    O-superficial
    K-interpretation
    B-acquired
    I-flows
    F-elements
    M-regard
    H-familiar
    A-accustomed
    46 G it will not be difficult
    47. D what distinguishes
    48 A
    49 E
    50 K
    51 H
    52 C
    53 I
    54 B
    55 J
    56 C it may have a negative effect on creative work.
    57 A they combine clock-based and task-based planning
    58 D they tend to be more productive.
    59 B it does not attach enough importance to task-based practice
    60 A task-based timing is preferred for doing creative work
    61.A Her past record might stand in her way to a new life
    62. B they are deprived of chances to turn over a new leaf
    63. C. they are marginalized in society
    64 D a lot of them have negative effects on society
    65 B to appeal for changes in America’s criminal justice system


    【翻译】
    第一版
    云南省的丽江古镇是中国著名的旅游目的地之一。那里的生活节奏比大多数中国的城市都要缓慢。丽江到处都是美丽的自然风光,众多的少数民族同胞提供了各式各样,丰富多彩的文化让游客体验。历史上,丽江还以“爱之城”而闻名。当地人中流传着许多关于人生,为爱而死的故事。如今,在中外游客眼中,这个古镇被视为爱情和浪漫的天堂。(paradise)
    Lijiang, an ancient town of Yunnan Province, is one of the most famous tourist destinations. Its pace of life is slower than that of most cities of China. There are many natural beauties everywhere in Lijiang and many ethnical minorities provide tourists with a great variety of cultural experience. Lijiang is also well-known as the “city of love” in history. Many stories about life and dying for love have spreaded widely among the locals. Nowadays, for tourists home and abroad, the ancient town is regarded as a paradise of love and romance.      
    第二版
    今年在长沙举行了一年一度的外国人汉语演讲比赛。这项比赛证明是促进中国和世界其他地区文化交流的好方法。它为世界各地的年轻人提供了更好地了解中国的机会。来自87个国家共计126位选手聚集在湖南省省会参加了从7月6日到8月5日进行的半决赛和决赛。比赛并不是唯一的活动。选手们还有机会参观了中国其他地区的著名景点和历史名胜。
    The annual Chinese language speech competition was held in Changsha this year. This contest has been proved to be a good way to promote cultural communication between China and the rest of the world. It provided a better chance to understand China for young people around the world. A total of 126 contestants from 87
    countries gathered in the capital of Hunan Province and participated in the semi-final and final from July 6th to August 5th. The competition was not the only activity. Contestants also had the opportunity to visit well-known scenic spots and historical sites in other parts of China.
    第三版
    中国父母往往过于关注孩子的学习,以至于不要他们帮忙做家务。他们对孩子的唯一要求就是努力学习,考得好,能上名牌大学。他们相信这是为孩子好,因为在中国这样竞争激烈的社会里,只有成绩好才能保证前途光明。中国父母还认为,如果孩子能在社会上取得大的成就,父母就会受到尊敬。因此,他们愿意牺牲自己的时间、爱好和兴趣,为孩子创造更好的条件。
    Chinese parents have frequently tended to pay too much attention to their children's study, so that children don’t help them do the housework. Their only requirement for their children is to study hard, perform well in the exams, and go to a famous/prestigious university. They believe it is good for their children, because in such a highly competitive society, only good results could ensure a promising future. Chinese parents also believe that parents will be honored if their children can achieve great success in society. Therefore, they are willing to sacrifice their own time, hobbies and interests, to create much better conditions for children.





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    楼主楼主我爱你,就像老鼠爱大米,可以提前更新吗:$
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    多谢斑斑拯救,今年的四级作文就靠它啦~~拿走~
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    这个是什么鬼,到底是什么大神呐?
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