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初三英语复习材料常用动词习惯用法

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发表于 2010-10-19 00:34:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
常用动词习惯用法
1. allow sb to do sth 允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式)
My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework.
2. asked sb (not) to do sth 叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)
My father asked me to study hard.
He asked me not to swim alone.
be asked to do sth 被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事
I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday.
3. be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事
She is afraid to ask me questions.
4. be afaid of doing sth 害怕做某事
I am afraid of going out at night.
5. be afaid of sth 害怕某物
He is afraid of snakes.
6. be amazed to do sth 对做某事感到惊讶
He was amazed to meet the girl there.
be amazed at sth 对某事感到惊讶
they were amazed at the news.
7. be busy doing/with sth 忙于做某事(常考)
e.g: I was busy washing my car at that time. 那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。
I am busy with my work.
8. be coming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来)
the bus is coming/the dog is dying.
9. be excited to do sth 对做……感到兴奋
Jacky was excited to travel there by plane.
be excited at sth
Lily was excited at his words.
be excited about doing sth
he was excited about passing the exam without going overing books.
10. be frightened to do sth 害怕去做某事
Sam is frightened to ride a horse.
11. be glad/happy to do sth 高兴去做某事
she is happy to clean the blackboard with me.
be pleased to do sth高兴做某事
she was pleased to help the old man yesterday.
be pleased with sth 对某事感到高兴/满意
the teacher was pleased with my answer.
12. be interested in sth/doing sth 对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣
she is interested in swimming in the river.
My btother is interested in Chinese.
13. be/get ready for/to do sth
Be ready for sth 为某事做好了准备
We are ready for the exam.
Be ready to do sth 为做某事做好了准备
We are ready to have a birthday party for her.
get ready for sth为某事在做准备
We are getting ready for the exam.
get ready for sth 为做某事而做准备
13. be sorry to do sth 对做某事感到抱歉
14. be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到惊奇
be surprised at sth 对某事感到惊奇
15. be worth doing sth 值得做某事(worth 后接动词-ing形式,常考)

16.

开始去做某事
begin to do sth

begin/start to do/doing sth
17. can/be able to afford (to buy) sth 有能力购买(供)……
18. can/may/must do sth could/would/should/might do sth
19. can’t wait to do sth 迫不急待地去做某事
20. decide to do sth 决定去做某事
make up one’s mind to do sth 下决心去做某事(常考)
make a decision to do sth 对做某事作出决定
21. deserve to do sth 值得/应该做……
22. encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人去做某事
23. enjoy doing sth 乐意去做某事
24. expect (sb) to do sth 期望去做某事
25. fail to do sth 做某事失败
succeed doing sth 成功做了某事
26. finish doing sth 做完某事(后接动词-ing形式)(常考)
27. follow sb to do sth 跟随某人去做某事

28.

让某人做某事(后接动词原形)
get sb to do sth

make sb do sth
let sb do sth
29. get/have a chance to do sth 得到一个做某事的机会
30. give/pass/show/lend/sell sb sth/sth to sb
buy/get/bring sb sth/sth for sb
31. go on to do sth 继续做事(常考)
go on doing sth 继续做事(常考)
32. hate to do/doing sth 讨厌/不喜欢做某事
33. have fun doing sth
34. have problems doing sth 做某事遇到困难

35.

让某人做某事(后接动词原形)
have sb do sth

have sth done
have sth to do 工有事要做
36. hear sb do sth 听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考)
hear sb doing sth 听到某人正在做某事(常见)
37. help to do sth 帮忙做某事
help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
38. hope/wish to do sth 希望做某事
wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事
39. I t seems that 这像是……(后接从句)
seem to do sth
seem +adj
40. It’s + adj+(for sb) to do sth .
It’s+adj +(of sb) to do sth
e.g: It’s glad for him to hear the news.
41. It takes sb some time/money to do sth . 花费某人多长时间做某事(常考)
42. pay …for… cost spend…on….. it take …to do sth
43. It’s best for sb to do sth. 对某人来说做某事是最好的
had better do sth 最好做某事(注意had没有时态和人称的变化,better后接动词原形)
44. It’s time for sb to do sth 是某人做某事的时候了
45. keep (on)doing sth 坚持做某事(常考)
keep sb doing sth 让某人做某事(常考)
keep sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事(常考)
keep sb/sth +adj
keep the book for 2 days 借这本书两天(不要用borrowlend
46. learn to do sth 学做某事
learn sth from sb 向某人学习
47. like to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事
like sb to do sth 喜欢某人做某事
48. need to do sth

需要做某事
need doing sth/to be done

need sth needn’t do sth
49. prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿……而不愿……(常考)
prefer doing sth to doing sth 喜欢做……胜过做……
e.g: I prefer reading books to going shopping. 比起购物来,我更爱读书。
prefer to do sth 喜欢(爱)做某事
50. refuse to do sth 拒绝做……

51.

(常考)
remember/forget to do sth 记得/忘记做某事

remember/forget doing sth 记得/忘记做过某事
52. see sb do sth 看见某人做某事(结果)
see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事(正在进行中)
be seen to do sth 做某事被看见
53. something to eat/drink 一些吃/喝的东西(词不定式放在something等后修饰这些词)
e.g: I need something to eat. 我要一些吃的东西。
54. spend some time (in)doing sth /on sth 花费时间做某事(注意动词要用ing形式)(常考)
spend some money on sth/doing sth ……花了多少钱
55. Sth is hard/difficult/easy to do . 做好某事很难/容易
56. stop to do sth 停下来去某事(两件事)(常考)
stop doing sth 停止做某事(一件事)(常考)
stop sb (from) doing sth 阻止某人做某事(常考)
57. take turns to do sth 轮流做……
58. tell sb (not) to do sth 叫某人去(不要)做某事
be told to do sth 被告知不要做某事
59. There is no need (for sb) to do sth 对某人来说没必要做某事
60. There is no time (for sb ) to do sth
have no time to do sth 没时间做某事
61. too…(for sb) to ………以致不能…… so… that… not… enough to do
e.g: The boy is too young to go to school. 那男孩太小了以致不能上学。
62. try/do one’s best to do sth 尽力去做某事
try to do sth 试着(图)做某事
63. used to do sth 过去常做某事( used to be + adj/a +n)
e.g: Mr wang used to be a teacher worker. 王先生过去是一位工人。
I used to live in the country. 过去我住在农村。
64. want/would like to do sth 想做……
want/would like sb to do sth 想某人做……
feel like doing sth 喜爱做某事(注意like后接动词ing形式)
65. warn sb (not) to do sth 警告某人做某事(或不要做某事)

66.

为什么不……(表建议的句型,注意用动词原形)
Why don’t you do sth ?

Why not do sth ?
表示建议的句型还有:What How about……?(如果是动词,要用ing形式)
Shall we……?
67. Would you like (sb) to do sth ?Yes, I’d love to .
68. Would you mind doing sth ? 你介意做某事吗?
Never mind/Not at all/of course not/certainly not . (从不介意/一点也不介意/当然不会了)
69. Would you please (not) do sth 你可不可以不做……
70. finish doing sth enjoy doing sth practise doing sth be good at doing sth be good at doing sth thank you for doing sth stop doing sth be good at doing sth give up doing sth mind doing sth stop sb from doing sth go on doing sth be busy doing sth see/hear/watch sb doing sth feel like doing sth hate doing sth like doing sth do well in doing sth be afraid of doing sth be interested in doing sth make a contribution to sth/doing sth
71. 非延续性动词(终止性动词)
1.buy---have(has)had 2.borrow---have(has)kept 3.leave---have(has)been away
4.go ---have(has)been away/in… 5.come ---have(has)here/in…
6.die ---have(has)been dead 7.join---have(has)been a member of/in…
8.begin---have(has)on 8.stop---have(has)been over
example: 他的狗死了3天了.: His dog has been dead for three days. It is three days since his dog died. His dog died three days ago.
72. 感官动词主动语态不带to)1.hear/see/watch sb do sth 2. hear/see/watch sb doing sth
1. We often hear him sing the song.
2. I saw him swimming in the river just now.
被动语态带to:
1. He is often heard to sing the song.
役使动词: (主动语态不带to) make/let sb do sth.
His father often makes him do this and that.
被动语态带to:
He is often made to do this and that by his father.
[本贴已被 kangsealee 于 2010-10-19 12:36:39 修改过]
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发表于 2010-10-19 08:45:42 | 显示全部楼层

Re...初三英语复习材料常用动词习惯用法

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